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First Grade Standards

What your student will be working on in First Grade
ELA (Literacy Math

Use phonics (matching letters and sounds) and word analysis skills to figure out unfamiliar words when reading and writing.


Solve addition and subtraction word problems in situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing (e.g., a taking from situation would be: “Five apples were on the table. I ate some apples. Then there were three apples. How many apples did I eat?”

Write about a topic, supplying some facts, and providing some sense of opening and closing.

Understand what the digits mean in two-digit numbers (place value)

Ask and answer questions about informational texts

Quickly and accurately adding with a sum of 10 or less, and quickly and accurately subtracting from a number 10 or less (e.g., 2 + 5, 7 – 5).

Take part in conversations about topics and texts being studied by responding to the comments of others and asking questions to clear up any confusion.

Read, write, and represent numbers to 120.

Use capitalization, punctuation and spelling rules when producing and expanding complete simple and compound sentences.

Making composite shapes by joining shapes together, and dividing circles and rectangles into halves or fourths.


Help Your Child Learn at Home

Try to create a quiet place for your child to study, and carve out time every day when your child can concentrate. You should also try to sit down with your child at least once a week for 15 to 30 minutes while he or she works on homework. This will keep you informed about what your child is working on, and it will help you be the first to know if your child needs help with specific topics. Additionally, here are some activities you can do with your child to support learning at home:

English Language Arts and Literacy:

  • Read with your child everyday. Encourage your child to read to you books such as Little Bear by Else Holmelund Minarik. Help him or her sound out difficult words. To find more books for your child to read, visit
  • Pick a “word of the day” each day starting with a different letter.  

  •   Have your child write the word and look for other things beginning with the same letter. 


Look for “word problems” in real life. Some 1st grade examples might include:

  • If you open a new carton of a dozen eggs, and you use four eggs to cook dinner, close the carton and ask your child how many eggs are left?

  • Play the “I’m thinking of a number” game. For example, “I’m thinking of a number that makes 11 when added to 8.  What is my number?”

For more information, the full standards are available at