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Second Grade Standards

What your student will be working on in Second Grade
ELA (Literacy Math

Pay close attention to details, including illustrations and graphics, in stories and books to answer who, what, where, when, why, and how questions.

Quickly and accurately add with a sum of 20 or less (e.g., 11 + 8); quickly and accurately subtract from a number 20 or less (e.g., 16 – 9); and know all sums of one-digit numbers from memory by the end of the year.

Read fluently to demonstrate an understanding of a story.

Understand what the digits mean in three-digit numbers (place value)

Use text features (e.g., captions, bold print, indexes) to locate key facts or information efficiently.

Use understanding of place value to add and subtract three-digit numbers (e.g., 811 – 367); add and subtract two-digit numbers quickly and accurately (e.g., 77 – 28)

Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

Solve challenging addition and subtraction word problems with one or two steps (e.g., a “onestep” problem would be: “Amy has 23 fewer apples than Julie. Julie has 47 apples. How many apples does Amy have?”)

Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension.

Tell time using a clock to the nearest 5 minutes (AM/PM).


Help Your Child Learn at Home

Try to create a quiet place for your child to study, and carve out time every day when your child can concentrate. You should also try to sit down with your child at least once a week for 15 to 30 minutes while he or she works on homework. This will keep you informed about what your child is working on, and it will help you be the first to know if your child needs help with specific topics. Additionally, here are some activities you can do with your child to support learning at home:

English Language Arts and Literacy:

  • Read at home every day and assist your child by reading every other paragraph. To find recommendations of books for your child to read, visit Appendix_B.pdf
  • Encourage your child to tell you about his or her day at school

  • Have your child write a thank you note or letter to family members or friends


Look for “word problems” in real life. Some 2nd grade examples might include:

  • When saving for a purchase, compare the cost of the item to the amount of money you have; then ask your child to determine how much more money he or she needs to buy the item.

  • Play “draw the shape.” For example, ask your child to draw a hexagon with one side longer than the others, or ask him or her to shade in a quarter of a rectangle.

For more information, the full standards are available at