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Fifth Grade Standards

What your student will be working on in Fifth Grade
ELA (Literacy Math

Summarizing the key details of stories, dramas, poems, and nonfiction materials, including their themes or main ideas.

Generalizing the place-value system to include decimals, and calculating with decimals to the hundredths place (two places after the decimal).

Determining two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by details in the text.

Adding and subtracting fractions with unlike denominators (e.g., 21⁄4– 11⁄3), and solving word problems of this kind.

Building knowledge of academic words with an emphasis on those that signal a contrast in ideas or logical relationships, such as on the other hand, similarly, and therefore (using academic language).

Multiplying fractions; dividing fractions in simple cases; and solving related word problems (e.g., finding the area of a rectangle with fractional side lengths; determining how many 1⁄3-cup servings are in 2 cups of raisins; determining the size of a share if 9 people share a 50- pound sack of rice equally or if 3 people share 1⁄2 pound of chocolate equally).

Reading closely and drawing evidence from grade-level fiction and nonfiction materials, including the ability to quote accurately from them when answering questions.

Multiplying whole numbers quickly and accurately, for example  1,638 x 753, and dividing whole numbers in simple cases, such as dividing 6,971 by 63.

Determining the theme of a story from details of the text.

Understanding the concept of volume, and solving word problems that involve volume.


Help Your Child Learn at Home

Try to create a quiet place for your child to study, and carve out time every day when your child can concentrate. You should also try to sit down with your child at least once a week for 15 to 30 minutes while he or she works on homework. This will keep you informed about what your child is working on, and it will help you be the first to know if your child needs help with specific topics. Additionally, here are some activities you can do with your child to support learning at home:

English Language Arts and Literacy:

  • Invite your child to read his or her writing out loud to other family members. Ask questions about your child’s word choices and ideas.

  • Go to a play or musical with your child. Discuss the way the actors bring the words to life.

  • Discuss your family stories and history. Encourage your child to ask relatives questions about their lives. Put the information together in an album or brainstorm different ways to tell family tales, such as poems or short stories.

  • Encourage your child to tell you about his or her day at school


Look for “word problems” in real life. Some 5th grade examples might include:

  • Doing arithmetic with decimals, for example when balancing a checkbook.

  • Multiplying with fractions — for example, if you used about 2⁄3 of a 3⁄4-cup measure of vegetable stock, then how much stock did you use? About how much is left?

  • Using the length, width, and depth of a garden plot to determine how many bags of garden soil to buy.

For more information, the full standards are available at